As of end-2019, Indonesia has established 23.14 million hectares as MPAs covering 7.12% of our total marine area, but many of these MPAs are not effectively managed because of a lack of funding and human resources. As part of our strategy for addressing this challenge, we have adopted an approach that involves designing and establishing MPA Networks. This approach will allow our MPA planners and managers, along with other conservation practitioners, to share with each other data, information and knowledge related to their MPA programs, as well as to leverage funding and human resources. To support this approach, the Ministry of Marine Affairs and Fisheries (MMAF), through the Directorate for Marine Conservation and Biodiversity of the Directorate General for Marine Spatial Management, issued Ministerial Regulation No. 13/2014 on Establishing and Managing MPA Networks. This regulation will be accompanied by Technical Guidelines (Petunjuk Teknis or Juknis) to assist our personnel in the design and management of MPAs, so as to ensure that it is properly implemented and that we can achieve our national targets for MPA and MPA Network expansion and effective management.
This document, A Guide, Framework and Example: Designing Marine Protected Areas and Marine Protected Area Networks to Benefit People and Nature in Indonesia, is intended to serve as a supplement to support the Technical Guidelines of Ministerial Regulation No. 13/2014 on Establishing and Managing MPA Networks (MMAF, in prep). We expect that it will enhance understanding of MPA and MPA Network design and management among MPA planners and managers, as well as supporting government agency personnel responsible for MPAs and MPA Networks in Indonesia.
This document provides a practical example to guide readers through a logical set of steps toward the design and establishment of MPAs and MPA Networks. It also includes an integrated set of biophysical criteria to help practitioners design Networks of MPAs to achieve fisheries sustainability, biodiversity conservation and ecosystem resilience in the face of climate change.