The USAID Sustainable Ecosystems Advanced Project (USAID SEA), together with the Directorate for Marine Conservation and Biodiversity of the Directorate General for Marine Spatial Management in the Ministry of Marine Affairs and Fisheries, has developed this document, Biophysical Criteria: Designing Marine Protected Areas and Marine Protected Area Networks to Benefit People and Nature in Indonesia, to guide the identification, design and evaluation MPA Networks in Indonesia. This document can help MPA managers in Indonesia to determine critical MPA and MPA Network design inputs, and thus support the implementation of existing national regulations on MPA Networks. It also provides an integrated set of biophysical criteria to help practitioners design MPA Networks to achieve fisheries sustainability, biodiversity conservation, and ecosystem resilience in the face of climate change in Indonesia.
This document is tailored to the Indonesian marine environment, providing a succinct, graphic and user-friendly synthesis of the best available scientific information for practitioners who may not have access to, or the time to review, the increasing amount of research literature on this topic. I t will serve as an excellent reference for our ongoing work in Indonesia on MPA Network design.
We hope that this document will serve to build more and better MPA Networks in the country to achieve fisheries management and biodiversity conservation, and to enhance the resilience of our coastal resources amid climate change and local human pressures.