Indonesia is the largest archipelagic nation in the world with 17,504 islands, a coastline of 108,000 km, and 15.8% (27,255 km2) of the world’s coral reefs. Its economy and food security for the majority of its 270 million people are closely linked to marine and coastal resources.
Sea turtles have been living in Fatkauyon undisturbed for hundreds of years. However, in the last 20 years as the local village population grew, some villagers have started to disturb the sea turtle’s nesting grounds. Villagers were tempted to trade sea turtles and its eggs to earn money.
Like other villages in the island, Pasahari is a customary village where the natural resources are managed under a locally-designed set of rules and regulations known as “sasi.” Unfortunately, due to vast development and demands, it has affected the condition of local resources.