In continuation of its work to support the development of harvest strategies for small pelagic and reef fisheries in Fisheries Management Area (FMA) 715 in eastern Indonesia, the United States Agency for International Development Sustainable Ecosystems Advanced Project (USAID SEA) is preparing a framework to guide the collection of stock assessment data using the frame survey method. A draft of the framework was reviewed by scientists from the Ministry of Marine Affairs and Fisheries (MMAF) during a coordination meeting in May 2019 between USAID SEA and the Research Institute for Marine Fisheries (BRPL) of MMAF’s Research Center for Fisheries (PURISKAN). Held at the BRPL office in Bogor, the meeting consisted of two days of presentations and discussions on the frame survey framework, focusing in particular on the data requirements for stock assessment and harvest strategy development, and the method and type of analysis most appropriate for use in developing harvest strategies for the target fisheries.
The meeting resulted in the following recommendations:
- The frame survey framework should be revised to meet the principal objective of the frame survey, which is to estimate the fishing effort. Data/information should be provided on the contribution of the fishery/ies targeted for management in each proposed location (fishing port/landing site) to the overall provincial (or FMA-715) marine capture fisheries production, and the data to be collected by the frame survey should be detailed and specified.
- In developing the harvest strategies, three considerations should be taken into account: (1) The delineation of reef fish stock should be based on the vertical (bathymetric) distributions and home ranges of the target species groups; (2) scientific information from length-based assessment and catch-only assessment should be used to develop the harvest strategy for reef fisheries; and (3) scientific information from biomass dynamic assessment should be used to develop the harvest strategy for small pelagic fisheries.
Based on these recommendations, the following follow-up activities were identified:
- To advance the development of the frame survey framework, the consultant will undertake two immediate tasks, which will entail field visits to four provinces that contribute significantly to fisheries in FMA-715, namely, Maluku, North Maluku, North Sulawesi, and Central Sulawesi: (1) Gather and compile the required data from the fisheries offices (DKP) in the four provinces; and (2) test the frame survey data collection form.
- The work to develop the harvest strategy for each of the selected target fisheries will continue, including: (1) Updating of data required by the agreed stock assessment methods; (2) CPUE standardization (July 2019); (3) re-assessment of the reef fish stocks of FMA-715 (July 2019); and (4) focus group discussion and consultation meeting on operational objectives, acceptable risk levels, and reference points (August 2019).
USAID SEA is a five-year initiative (2016-2021) that supports the Government of Indonesia to improve fisheries and marine resource governance and management at national, provincial, and local levels, particularly in the provinces of West Papua, Maluku, and North Maluku that lie within FMA 715.