Jakarta, June 24, 2019 – The five-day National Symposium on Marine Spatial Planning Implementation for Indonesia jointly organized by the Ministry of Marine Affairs and Fisheries Indonesia and the United States Agency for International Development (USAID) through Sustainable Ecosystems Advanced (SEA) Project and National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) started today. The symposium aims to accelerate the Marine Spatial Planning (MSP) development and its implementation in Indonesia both at national and provincial levels.
More than sixty participants and stakeholders from government, NGOs, and academe will discuss six main themes that include case studies on the MSP implementation pertaining to, overcoming implementation challenges, implementation and indigenous groups, supporting implementation, licensing and permits, collaborative enforcement and monitoring and evaluation.
The gathering was given a warm welcome by Brahmantya Satyamurti Poerwadi, the Director General of Marine Management of the Ministry of Maritime Affairs and Fisheries who highlighted the significance of marine spatial planning in Indonesia management of its marine areas and resources. “One of the important issues that needs to be addressed in Indonesia is how to develop and manage marine resources sustainably: economically, environmentally, and socially. In practice, these three pillars often conflicted and force one or two of them to be outweighed. Marine spatial planning (MSP) refers to a process of allocating multiple human activities into marine space to achieve economic, social, and environmental objectives. MSP is considered to be an effective tool to minimize the conflict among resource users and then bring about more effective marine management”, said Brahmantya Satyamurti Poerwadi.
He added that in 2019, Indonesia had made very good progress on the marine spatial plan development, and the MSP was legalized into Ministerial Regulation (Permen) no. 32 year 2019, 21 provinces from 34 provinces had completed and legalized the RZWP-3-K documents into Regional Regulations, and 3 MSP for national strategic areas have been made as Ministerial Regulations. “Although the target of developing marine spatial plans in Indonesia is quite ambitious, there are several challenges in the process. In the future, seeking for solutions to address these challenges is a necessity so that marine spatial planning in Indonesia will not only achieve the targeted number of enacted regulations, but also result in high-quality planning documents that can be used as the primary reference for the management and development of our ocean and its resources”, concluded Brahmantya in his speech.
USAID Indonesia Environment Director Matthew Burton said: “The U.S. Government through USAID is pleased to partner with the Government of Indonesia in protecting critical marine ecosystems and promoting the sustainable use of its valuable and renowned marine resources. These Marine Spatial Plans will reduce conflict in communities; minimize the potential harmful impacts of coastal development on the environment; and encourage long-term, sustainable economic growth.”
Indonesia’s abundant marine and fisheries resources are prone to be overexploited and to generate conflicts among users. Such conflicts stem from overuse of resources and when resource uses are not planned or compatible, or when carrying capacity of areas or resources is exceeded. With this concern, the Indonesian government through Law No. 27/2007 Juncto (Jo) Law. No.1 / 2014 concerning Management of Coastal Areas and Small Islands encourages regional governments to develop and implement regional regulations related to the Zoning Plan for Coastal Areas and Small Islands (RZWP-3-K) as a land-sea management mechanism. In 2015, the Government of Indonesia strengthened its commitment in the development and finalization of RZWP-3-K at the regional level, through a national movement to conserve natural resources.
MMAF in collaboration with the USAID Sustainable Ecosystems Advanced (SEA) Project have been successfully supporting North Maluku and Maluku Provinces to finalize, legalize and enact their marine spatial plans (Rencana Zonasi Wilayah Pesisir dan Pulau-Pulau Kecil, RZWP-3-K) through regulations PERDA No. 2/2018 and PERDA No. 1/2018. The West Papua Provincial Plan is close to being finalized. Currently, there are 21 provincial marine spatial plans that have been legalized while 13 provincial plans are still progressing towards being finalized. In addition, USAID SEA and MMAF are developing a marine geoportal database called SEANODE which serves as the spatial and non-spatial data portal for MSP and zoning, and also gives information about MSP progress in Indonesia. The SEANODE system is an authorized platform of marine planning geoportal system to support “One Map Policy Geoportal” that has been endorsed by Indonesian President Joko Widodo.