USAID SEA Lays Groundwork for Behaviour Change for Marine Conservation in South Sorong, West Papua
One of the USAID SEA Project’s strategic interventions is advocacy and demand creation to promote behavior change that leads to improved marine conservation. This intervention is implemented mainly through Behavior Change Communication (BCC). To support it, Project recently did a rapid assessment with implementing partner WWF to determine the baseline behavior in two villages in South Sorong Regency. Conducted on 11-18 March 2019, the assessment helped prepare the community-based surveillance system not only by empowering surveillance team members with information but also by enhancing their understanding of surveillance and the motivating factors that should be considered in surveillance program.
The assessment involved 50 respondents from the community and those nominated to the surveillance team. It showed that while the level of under-standing of surveillance in the two villages was very low (<20%), the respondents were quite eager to conduct more comprehensive sea surveillance which they believed would help secure their children’s future. This finding prompted WWF as the USAID SEA implementing partner to disseminate more information about the importance of surveillance in building an active community-based surveillance team for the newly declared marine protected area in South Sorong.
Course on MPA Network Design in Indonesia Turns Conservation Experts into Trainers
The USAID SEA Project piloted on March 19-22 2019, in Jakarta, a Training of Trainers to review and strengthen the Ministry of Marine Affairs and Fisheries Network Design Training Module. Targeted at marine conservation experts from the Ministry of Marine Affairs and Fisheries, NGOs, and academe, the training was designed to compile and integrate participant recommendations on the training content and methods of delivery.
The training was attended by 14 conservation experts with advanced skills in marine protected area (MPA) and MPA Network design, and especially in biophysical and social-economic-cultural criteria for designing MPAs and MPA networks. The experienced group spent four days to cover topics of defining MPA goals and objectives, identifying MPA design criteria and data needs using decision support tools (e.g. MARXAN) and evaluating an MPA design. They also formulated several recommendations pertaining to design criteria that needs to be adopted in the Indonesian context. Following this pilot activity, a training is being planned for July 2019 targeting people from the three provinces supported by USAID SEA, namely, Maluku, North Maluku and West Papua in eastern Indonesia.
Catch Data Reporting in Eastern Indonesia Assessed to Support National Small-Scale Fisheries Logbook System
As part of the USAID SEA Project’s support of the Indonesian Government’s initiative to establish a logbook system for small-scale fisheries, USAID SEA fisheries staff conducted on March 8-20, 2019 a field assessment of the existing mechanisms for reporting catch data in North Maluku and West Papua. Supported by researchers from Bogor Agricultural University, the team interviewed about 50 respondents from fishing communities, including middlemen, fishers, and fishers’ wives, and consulted with the district and provincial fisheries officers. The assessment aimed to identify the best institutional data management mechanism, integrate the community and national-level government, and determine the main incentives for compliance with the requirements for reporting catch data.
Recommendations from the assessment will help increase the fishers’ wives and middlemen’s participation in recoding and submitting catch data, and support advocacy for local government investments in a data system that can analyze the catch data. The recommendations will be presented and explained to the national Ministry of Marine Affairs and Fisheries for adoption as a regulation to strengthen the management and monitoring system for small-scale fisheries, and thus promote sustainable fish catch in Indonesia.
Harvest Strategy Workshop Targets Small-scale Fisheries Management in North Maluku
A harvest strategy workshop was held on March 25-29, 2019 in Ternate, North Maluku, to identify and prioritize issues, and to determine operational objectives and indicators for managing Indonesia’s small-scale fisheries. Conducted by the USAID SEA Project with the Ministry of Marine Affairs and Fisheries-Directorate of Fisheries Resources Management, the workshop was in support of the Indonesian Government’s effort to establish management plans for Fisheries Management Area (FMA) 715 particularly for small pelagic, snapper and grouper fisheries. It was attended by 60 participants representing FMA 715 stakeholders, universities, and the private sectors in Maluku, North Maluku, West Papua, Gorontalo, North Sulawesi, and Central Sulawesi Provinces.
The workshop was divided into two sessions whereby university experts identified conceptual and operational objectives and indicators; and a stakeholder consultation workshop, led by the university experts, facilitated the identification of objectives and indicators for small-pelagic harvest strategy in FMA 715. The two sessions resulted in primary management objectives that would lead to an increase in catch per unit effort (CPUE) and fishers’ income by decreasing fishing effort. The management measures to accomplish the objectives are still pending but the workshop was a first big step to build the capacities of local universities that can play critical advisory roles for the future of fisheries management in this part of Indonesia.
Discussion Held to Address Flying Fish Eggs Management and Sustainability Issues in FakFak, West Papua
The increasing local and international demand for flying fish eggs and its high price encourages Indonesian fishermen to harvest increasing quantities of the eggs every year. As a consequence, Indonesia is concerned about the over-exploitation of its flying fish population. To address this issue, USAID SEA Project through implementing partner in FakFak, West Papua, University of Papua (UNIPA) facilitated a Focus Group Discussion (FGD) on Flying Fish Eggs Fisheries Management. Held on April 4-5, 2019, the FGD set management rules for Flying Fish Eggs to ensure the sustainable use of these high-value fisheries resources.
Respondents (numbering 44) came from the Marine and Fisheries Office in FakFak, Regional Planning Agency (Bappeda), Directorate-General of Marine and Fisheries Resources Surveillance (PSDKP), Agricultural Department, UNIPA, Conservation International (CI), and temporary fishers from South Sulawesi and the private sector. The Head of the Fakfak Marine and Fisheries Office opened the discussions, which resulted in tangible recommendations, such as setting a limitation on the number of fishing days, adhering to conservation guidelines, and regulating the number of fishing vessels allowed to harvest the resource. These recommendations will help reduce overexploitation of flying fish eggs. UNIPA will further develop and refine the recommended actions so that regulations at the provincial level in South Sulawesi and West Papua can be developed.
U.S., Indonesia Celebrate Marine Conservation Gains in North Maluku on 70th Anniversary of Indonesian – U.S. Partnership
The U.S. Ambassador, USAID Indonesia Mission Director and U.S. Consulate General Surabaya celebrated the 70th anniversary of diplomatic relations between the U.S. and Indonesia in Morotai Island, North Maluku on April 1-3, 2019. On this special occasion, the maritime and fisheries sector was the main focus of cooperation highlighted by the two countries. The visit reflected on the successes of the long U.S.-Indonesian partnership to protect biodiversity and enhance Indonesia’s management of its valuable marine resources. During this visit, the USAID SEA Project and the Morotai Island local government hosted a ceremonial event at the Morotai Regent Office to declare the reservation of three new marine protected areas (MPAs) in North Maluku Province. The U.S. Ambassador, Morotai Island Regent and Vice Governor of North Maluku proudly declared the reservation of three MPAs covering 226,000 ha (Sula Island — 117,959.88 ha, Rao-Tanjung Dahegila Island — 65,520.75 ha, and Makian Island — 42,799 ha) that will protect marine biodiversity, improve sustainable fisheries management, and promote marine tourism.
This event was attended by representatives of national and local government, local organizations, fishers, and journalists. Through the USAID SEA Project, the U.S. Government supports the Ministry of Marine Affairs and Fisheries to enhance fish production and food security in North Maluku, Maluku and West Papua Provinces. The Ambassador and entourage had an opportunity to observe tuna processing and learn about fish traceability system introduced by USAID SEA. They also met with local people in Galo-Galo Island Village where USAID SEA, through its partner, Reef Check, Support alternative livelihoods.
Ministry of Marine Affairs and Fisheries’ Marine Spatial Planning Technical Team Completes Marine Geoportal Training of Trainers
The USAID SEA Project facilitated a Second Training of Trainers on SEANODE (a marine geoportal database) on April 8-10, 2019, in Jakarta, for 16 Marine Spatial Planning (MSP) Directorate staff of the Ministry of Marine Affairs and Fisheries (MMAF). The trainees improved their capacity to manage and maximize the benefits of the SEANODE MSP Geoportal for long term operation. SEANODE has a key role in supporting MSP implementation in Indonesia and serves as the spatial and non–spatial data portal for MSP and zoning that also provides information about MSP progress in Indonesia.
USAID SEA together with the MSP Directorate prepared a roadmap for SEANODE server migration from the USAID SEA server to MMAF’s server. Pre- and post-tests showing substantial capacity improvement among the trainees were indication that the MSP Directorate would be ready and confident to use their skills in administering and managing the marine spatial geoportal, and that they would be capable of delivering SEANODE training to provincial governments and national ministerial bodies at the National Coordination Meeting on Geoportal RZWP3K in July 2019. This is a major contribution of USAID SEA toward increasing capacity in marine spatial planning and management in Indonesia.