1. MPA Network Guidance for Indonesia a Step Closer to Completion
Efforts to develop technical guidelines for marine protected area (MPA) networks in Indonesia reached a milestone with the completion in June of the stakeholder consultations required by Indonesian policy. USAID SEA and Indonesia’s Ministry of Marine Affairs and Fisheries (MMAF) conducted on 14 June in Jakarta the final stakeholder consultation to review the draft Technical Guidance on MMAF Ministerial Decree No. 13/2014 on MPA Networks. With the stakeholder consultations completed, USAID SEA and the MMAF team will now focus on completing the guidance document and preparing it for legal review. The document describes the process and requirements for establishing, managing and evaluating MPA networks, including mechanisms that can be used to resolve and manage resource use issues and allow reasonable uses to occur with minimal conflict. The final consultation provided inputs to ensure that the guidance can help stakeholders secure marine ecosystem functions at the temporal and spatial scales needed for ecological systems to respond to interventions, in particular through the establishment and management of MPA networks to facilitate the efficient use of resources and prevent duplication of efforts in single MPAs.
It also provided inputs for refining the indicators for MPA network management and simplifying the guidance overall to make it more practical to use. A follow up to a similar discussion held earlier this year on February 22, this activity was attended by 41 participants, including participants from MMAF, the Coordinating Ministry for Maritime Affairs, Ministry of Home Affairs (MoHA), Ministry of Environment and Forestry and Bogor Agricultural University, who provided the national perspective, and participants from NGOs and the Provincial Marine and Fisheries Agencies and MMAF working units at the provincial level, who added needed perspectives on field operations and what is acceptable to local government and stakeholders.
2. USAID SEA and Indonesian Fisheries Ministry Team up on Port State Measures Training
USAID SEA and the Ministry of Marine Affairs and Fisheries (MMAF) of Indonesia recently held a two-day review workshop to improve the training of Port State Measures (PSM) inspectors in the country. The 19-20 June workshop was designed specifically to evaluate and upgrade the PSM Inspectors Training Manual covering knowledge and skills stipulated in a draft MMAF decree on the implementation of the PSM Agreement (PSMA) and in working documents from the Office of Law Enforcement of the U.S. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA). USAID SEA is working with NOAA to support MMAF in implementing the PSMA, an international instrument to prevent, deter and eliminate illegal, unreported, and unregulated (IUU) fishing. As a port state, Indonesia is required to provide high quality port services and a cost-effective means of preventing and eliminating IUU fishing. The workshop helped to improve and strengthen the seven modules that make up the PSM training program so that they can be institutionalized in the MMAF Training Center as the main tool for improving the capacity of fisheries surveillance officers to conduct vessel boarding inspections. The MMAF Training Center, along with the directorates of Marine Resources Surveillance, Fisheries Resource Surveillance and Fishing Port, worked alongside USAID SEA to carry out the workshop, which was attended by 11 participants comprising the core team responsible for developing the training modules and providing inputs on the training approach, methodology, tools, and criteria for the selection of training participants.
3. Roadmap Created for Marine Spatial Planning in Indonesia
Sixty participants gathered in Jakarta on 24-28 June for a symposium to share knowledge and discuss the challenges of marine spatial planning (MSP) implementation in Indonesia, particularly in the eastern Indonesian provinces of Maluku, North Maluku and West Papua. Assisted by six experts from the U.S., Canada and Australia, the symposium ended with a roadmap for the three provinces to move forward with their MSP initiatives, while being able to anticipate potential obstacles to conserving and managing their marine and fisheries resources. The event was organized by USAID SEA in collaboration with the U.S. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) and the Directorate of Marine Spatial Planning of Indonesia’s Ministry of Marine Affairs and Fisheries (MMAF). Participants came from MMAF; the Coordinating Ministry for Maritime Affairs; ministries of tourism, national development planning, defense and home affairs; Corruption Eradication Commission; representatives of the Maluku, North Maluku and West Papua Marine and Fisheries Offices; and USAID SEA partners WWF and WCS, who all actively engaged and contributed their experiences and recommendations. An important outcome of the symposium was the realization that the implementation of MSP in Indonesia will occur at different scales of management and will thus require good coordination and integration among different agencies and levels of government. This means that more detailed plans at local scales will be needed to augment the broad spatial scale plans for entire provinces.
4. Training to Empower Village Women Begins in West Papua, Indonesia
USAID SEA, through its implementing partner WWF Indonesia, conducted on 20-22 June its first seafood processing training for women from three villages in Teminabuan, South Sorong, West Papua. This activity was part of USAID SEA’s strategy to incentivize marine stewardship, and aimed to empower the women by strengthening their direct engagement in economic activities through skills and knowledge in food processing as alternative livelihood. The training involved 31 participants from USAID SEA-supported marine protected areas in the villages of Sayolo, Inanwatan and Konda. Using basic equipment easily found at home, two trainers from the University of Papua (UNIPA) and WWF Indonesia guided the trainees on the theories and practices of processing shrimp into various value-added food products, such as shrimp crackers, shrimp chili sauce, shrimp broth powder, and shrimp burger meat.
Additionally, they also shared some basic knowledge in developing a home industry, most importantly in basic product hygiene and sanitation, in anticipation of the women turning their newly acquired skills into a source of income. Various organizations that collaborated to support the activity – the South Sorong district government, District Women Empowerment Organization, South Sorong Fisheries Office, UNIPA, and the South Sorong Marine Protected Areas initiation team – plan to facilitate the women’s group to establish a small enterprise, which will be formally registered by end-July as a home industry producer. A second training scheduled for September 2019 will include more products to add to the group’s product line.
5. Community Agreement Reached on MPA Zoning Plan for Indonesia’s Mare Island
Communities in and around Mare Island in the archipelago of Tidore in the eastern Indonesian province of North Maluku have agreed to support a plan to expand the area for coral reef rehabilitation in the Mare Island Marine Protected Area (MPA). The agreement was reached on 10 July during a public consultation conducted by USAID SEA and the Wildlife Conservation Society (WCS) in North Maluku’s largest city of Ternate. USAID SEA and WCS are assisting the Provincial Marine Fisheries Office and MPA Technical Working Group (TWG) to improve the Mare MPA management and zoning plan, and their purpose for the consultation was to gather stakeholder inputs for the plan and negotiate use zone allocation, especially the proposed inclusion in the MPA core zone of an area that the communities regard as an important fishing ground. As well as the Mare MPA, USAID SEA and WCS are also supporting the improvement of the management and zoning plans for Widi and Guraici MPAs in Halmahera, and the development and expansion of the zoning plan for the Rao Tanjung Dehegila MPA in Morotai. Stakeholder inputs will be analyzed and incorporated into the plans, after which the MPA TWG will socialize the plans for further discussion with all stakeholder communities.