First Step to Initiate the Development of Harvest Strategy and Sustainable Fisheries Management in Fishery Management Area (FMA) 715 Undertaken for Indonesia
USAID SEA Project in partnership with the Directorates of Fishery Resource Management and Capture Fisheries of the Ministry of Marine Affairs and Fisheries, and the Research Center for Fisheries, met in Jakarta in February to initiate the harvest strategy development for small pelagic and reef fish in FMA 715.
Parallel with this in Manokwari, West Papua, USAID SEA in collaboration with West Papua Province Marine and Fisheries Office held a workshop to share lessons learned and findings of sustainable fisheries activities, as an initiative towards development of fisheries manage-ment plans for anchovy, flying fish, mud-crab, banana shrimp, and Territorial Use Rights for Fishing (TURF). These two-workshops are a big first step for the USAID SEA Project in support of developing a harvest strategy for sustainable fisheries management that adopts and integrates a customary tenure approach into the management regime.
As a result from Manokwari, the participants from the Marine and Fisheries Office and Regional Planning Board of West Papua Province, the Fisheries Agencies for Raja Ampat and Fak-Fak Districts, Mitra Bahari, and the local Universities of UKIP and UNIPA, signed a joint commitment that recommends including fisheries plan development into the revision of the five-year plan for West Papua Province. While in Jakarta, six relevant provincial government agencies of FMA 715 participated to identify their key roles in developing a feasible harvest strategy and a road-map for its development. These workshops achieved significant milestones for FMA 715 harvest strategy initiation and defined next steps in the process for management of small-pelagic and reef fish stocks.
Critical Conservation and Customary Rights Areas Secured Through Zoning Plan in West Papua
The Ministry of Marine Affairs and Fisheries and USAID SEA Project supported the West Papua Province to conduct a final stakeholder focus group discussion to complete the zoning plan and regulations for coastal and small islands management on 14 February 2019.
Working groups from the Provincial Fisheries Office, Provincial Planning Board, Provincial Law Bureau, NGOs, local Universities, Private sector and Local Customary Councils convened to discuss and approve the final marine zoning plan covering 10,659,888.90 hectares. The plan helps to secure critical conservation areas, traditional rights areas, and important fishing grounds for local community benefits.
The endorsement of this technical document will ensure national government’s approval to proceed with legislation in the provincial parliament in March 2019. If accepted by parliament, the local government will proceed to legalize its marine spatial plan by mid-2019 as mandated by national regulations on the acceleration of marine spatial plan implementation in Indonesia.
Local Surveillance Group in Fak-Fak, West Papua Trained in Community-based Monitoring of the new Marine Protected Area
The USAID SEA Project in collaboration with Conservation International (CI) Indonesia held a community-based surveillance group (POKMASWAS) training for Nusa Matan community at Ugar Island, Fak-Fak, West Papua on 23-25 February 2019. More than 100 community participants with various backgrounds attended the training.
Topics discussed were coordination, strategy, type of offenses and law enforcement methods. Additional sessions introduced Illegal, Unregulated and Unreported (IUU) fishing issues, reporting procedures and how to use GPS-aided violation tracking tools.
CI as the USAID SEA implementing partner in Fak-Fak noted that Nusa Matan POKMASWAS will work to safeguard their own neighbouring waters from external threats together with customary village groups. Community surveillance is a patrolling system under the Surveillance System set by the Ministry of Marine Affairs and Fisheries as a priority for assisting law enforcement in coastal waters. The USAID SEA law enforce-ment component assistance will help form and provide essential trainings to 20 POKMASWAS groups throughout its project areas (9 groups in West Papua, 7 in North Maluku, and 4 in Maluku). The Nusa Matan POKMASWAS will soon operate surveillance operations in the Fak-Fak Marine Protected Area.
Basic Diving Training Enhances the Competence of Community Monitoring Skills in the Sula Conservation Area, Maluku Province, Indonesia
The USAID SEA Project through implementing partner, Coral Triangle Center (CTC), conducted a beginner level SCUBA dive training for stakeholders in Sula Islands on 19-23 February 2019. About 21 community members from a various background with similar visions to conserve and protect the marine ecosystems in Sula Islands attended the training. The participants, from the Sula Island Marine and Fisheries Office, Sula Tourism Office, the Sula Forestry and Environment Office, Indonesian Youth National Committee (KNPI), Community based Tourism Village Group (Pokdarwis), village officials, village community leaders, and an initial Community-based Surveillance Group (Pokmaswas) all have potential to be directly involved in monitoring coral reefs and marine life.
The training delivered by qualified SSI diving instructors, was the first such training in Sula and made a very favourable impression on the participants. This training supports the community and local government efforts in establishing and managing marine conservation area while also working to provide economic benefits to the community from the development of community-based marine tourism. This diving skills combined with monitoring and evaluation knowledge facilitates the ability of the community to do surveillance. As a follow-up, training on reef health, fish spawning aggregation and resource use monitoring is planned for the community in Sula Island, Maluku.
West Papua Province Reserves Marine Protected Area equal in size to 300,000 Rugby Fields
In early 2019, the Governor of West Papua signed a Decree reserving more than 300,000 ha of its sea as a marine protected area (MPA) named Seribu Satu Sungai Teo Enebikia or “One thousand and one rivers of Teo Enebikia.” Located in South Sorong, West Papua, this MPA becomes the third to be reserved in 2 years, added to the other 3.5 million ha of marine protected areas in West Papua. The Seribu Satu Sungai Teo Enebikia MPA includes a vast area of mangrove forest and its associated ecosystem that is critical for its function as a nursery ground for crustaceans, sharks and manta rays among others, and is an essential habitat in support of a large prawn fishery in South Sorong.
The local community realized that this marine protected area will help ensure local food security and to continue providing it various ecological service benefits. The West Papua Marine and Fisheries Office, South Sorong District, and the constituent local communities, with the support from USAID SEA project, worked for the area designation. Following the reservation, the USAID SEA Project together with local government and community is in the process of designing the zonation and management plan and combating illegal trading of threatened species as well as preventing overfishing of crustaceans.
Students Learn About Marine Conservation While Sailing On-board the Kalabia Ship, West Papua, Indonesia
USAID-Sustainable Ecosystems Advanced (SEA) Project together with Conservation International (CI) Indonesia and Kalabia Indonesia Foundation conducted a marine conservation education program for young students through learning while sailing on-board of the Kalabia Ship from 1 to 7 March 2019. The ship Kalabia sailed and stopped at Kokas District and Arguni Districts, Fakfak.
More than 60 students, including 31 girls, enjoyed the sailing while learning through interactive activities about maps of ecosystem, waste management, turtles species, coastal park conservation areas, environmental carrying capacity, and the importance of the mangrove ecosystem. This program is part of conservation efforts managed by Berau Bay and Nusalasi Bay-Van Den Bosch Coastal Park Conservation Area, under the Marine and Fisheries Service of West Papua Province and Fakfak Regency.
Through direct exploration, young students gained basic knowledge on how ecosystems work, the functions of coral reefs, mangroves, and seagrass ecosystems. Moreover, they also learned about the web of life, carrying capacity, and the benefits of respecting the no-take zone within the Fakfak marine protected area.
Indonesian Marine Protected Area Policy Makers Participate in Cross-Learning Trip to California, USA
To expose Indonesian marine protected area (MPA) policy makers from the National Ministry of Marine Affairs and Fisheries (MMAF) and from the Provinces of Maluku, North Maluku and West Papua on the effective development and governance of MPAs and MPA networks, the USAID SEA Project in collaboration with U.S. NOAA and USAID PRESTASI facilitated an MPA cross-learning trip to California, February 23 to March 3, 2019.
This activity enhanced the knowledge and understanding of options regarding the modes of governance for the operation of MPAs/networks and highlighted options for various roles of government and non-government institutions working together for MPA governance. The participants discussed and learned from various institutions such as the U.S. National Park Service, joint NOAA, California Department of Fish and Wildlife, the Ocean Protection Council and the Ocean Science Trust operations in San Francisco.
They visited the Ano Nuevo Park, the Monterey Bay Aquarium Research Institute among other stops in Santa Cruz, Monterey and Santa Barbara that culminated with a panel discussion with the National Center for Ecological Analysis and Synthesis and University of California—Sea Grant program. The enthusiastic participants said their observations about how California’s MPA system is integrated between government and non-government institutions working collaboratively was valuable to them. They learned about the role of stakeholders and science in the policy and management process of MPAs/networks; about partnership models; about interpretative, research, monitoring and tourism programs; about collaborative enforcement, monitoring and evaluation systems and tools; and about the role of technology in MPA/network management. The many discussions and site-tour programs offered important lessons on the key success elements of MPA governance and inspired all to bring the lessons back to Indonesia and adjust them to the system in Indonesia. For the national level participants, the program inspired them on the need for institutional collaboration, more support for management and zoning plans, monitoring, evaluation and partnerships. The provincial participants were motivated to promote the idea of a Turtle MPA in Sula (North Maluku), to create more contextual and creative interpretative programs in Maluku and West Papua, and to encourage and customize partnerships of government, academic institutions and community including NGOs for MPA management. The USAID SEA Project will facilitate a lessons-learned sharing event with decision makers of MMAF and provincial agencies as a follow-up activity.