The Minister of Marine Affairs and Fisheries of Indonesia signed in mid-October 2019 a new and comprehensive ministerial regulation on the implementation of the Port State Measures Agreement (PSMA) that the country ratified in 2016 through Presidential Decree No. 43/2016. The new regulation, which has been submitted for gazetting to the Ministry of Law and Human Rights, is seen as a big step forward as it goes further than the ratifying decree in terms of defining the mechanisms by which the Ministry of Marine Affairs and Fisheries (MMAF) and collaborating agencies can move ahead with implementing the PSMA.
Its development was made possible through the support of USAID SEA and the U.S. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration’s Office of Law Enforcement (NOAA OLE). Since 2016, USAID SEA and NOAA OLE have been working together to provide MMAF with a series of workshops on PSMA implementation, including PSM inspector trainings for fisheries surveillance officers. These workshops, along with input from USAID SEA and NOAA OLE, resulted in policy recommendations that were used by MMAF’s Directorate General of Capture Fisheries, Directorate General of Marine and Fisheries Resources Surveillance (PSDKP), and Legal Bureau to develop the recently signed ministerial regulation, which will be announced through gazetting for public information. Meanwhile, in 2017, MMAF’s Training Center and PSDKP adopted NOAA’s PSM Inspector Training Modules, and have since adapted these modules to the national needs.
2. USAID SEA, NOAA Help Indonesia Gear Up for Port State Measures
USAID SEA and the U.S. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration’s Office of Law Enforcement (NOAA OLE) facilitated a Port State Measures (PSM) inspector training conducted by the Ministry of Marine Affairs and Fisheries (MMAF) on 1-10 October in Jakarta. The training was in line with the U.S. Government (USG)’s effort to support Indonesia’s implementation of the PSM Agreement (PSMA), which the country ratified in 2016 through Presidential Decree No. 43/2016. It was organized in anticipation of last month’s signing by the MMAF Minister of a new PSMA implementing regulation, and marked the first time that MMAF used its PSM Inspector Training Modules. Finalized only this year in August, the MMAF modules were adapted from previous trainings by NOAA OLE PSM, and specifically designed to equip trainees with the knowledge and skills needed to perform the thorough inspection and professional port services required by PSMA in Indonesia.
As part of the USAID SEA exit strategy to see the MMAF team strengthened and able to deliver the PSM Inspector Training on their own, the training was run by NOAA OLE facilitators alongside 7 co-facilitators from MMAF. The 32 fisheries surveillance and port officers who participated expressed satisfaction in their progress with learning PSM inspection knowledge and skills, particularly the more challenging skills from the training’s more complex technical sessions, such as those involving mock boat boarding exercises. For their part, the MMAF co-facilitators demonstrated confidence and ability in delivering all aspects of the training, but voiced their desire for continued skills development support from NOAA OLE and USAID SEA.
All Indonesian ports designated for PSM, plus one commercial port that will function as a PSM port, were represented at the training. Indonesia has five ports specifically designated for PSM, namely, Palabuhan ratu in West Java, Ambon in Maluku, Bitung in North Sulawesi, Bungus in West Sumatra, and Nizam Zachman in Jakarta. In addition, the commercial port of Benoa in Bali will also function as a PSM port.
3. USAID SEA Shares Lessons at Grantee Workshop
USAID SEA participated in this year’s Indonesia Marine Funders Collaboration (IMFC) Grantee Workshop as panelists on three sessions about fisheries improvement projects (FIPs) and market approaches, improving monitoring and evaluation for adaptive management, and leadership. IMFC is an initiative of private and government funders that share a vision of restoring and protecting coastal and marine resources while enhancing fisheries management in Indonesia. It provides a platform for strategy discussion and donor coordination, in order to cultivate collaborative solutions that help the Indonesian marine NGO community to make progress in improving the health of the country’s oceans and coastal communities. The biennial Grantee Workshop is a forum for learning and sharing lessons, setting priorities on marine and fisheries issues, discussing challenges, and recommending solutions.
Held on 8–10 October, this year’s workshop was attended by IMFC members such as USAID, David and Lucille Packard Foundation,Walton Family Foundation, and Margaret A. Cargill Philanthropies, and their grantees. The workshop opened with a poster session and gallery walk, where the grantee projects, including USAID SEA, were presented. The second day consisted of concurrent sessions with topics ranging from capacity building for effective MPA and fisheries management to FIPs, market approaches, policy and governance.
Overall, the workshop provided a great opportunity for participating grantees to learn about the marine funders’ strategies and to network and learn about each other’s current and planned work. Improving monitoring, evaluation, and learning for marine management outcomes and policy was a major topic of interest, as was the session on FIPs, which highlighted how to improve practices of supply chain actors, engage government, provide support, and make necessary changes in regulations and policies.
4. Zoning Design Agreed for North Maluku’s Sula Islands Marine Protected Area
Thirty-five villages within the Sula Islands Marine Protected Area (MPA) in the eastern Indonesian province of North Maluku have agreed the zoning design for the MPA. The agreement was reached during public consultations held on 6-10 September and 7-17 October and attended by a total of 1,565 villagers, including 1,326 men and 239 women, who gave their input for the zoning design.
The consultations were facilitated by the Coral Triangle Center (CTC), the USAID SEA implementing partner that took the lead in facilitating the establishment of the MPA as a means to contribute to the welfare of the Sula Islands community. Through CTC’s work, the Governor of North Maluku issued in late 2018.
Governor Decree No.360/KPTS/MU/2018 reserving the Sula Islands MPA. CTC engaged local government agencies, as well as the village stakeholders and their leaders, to help ensure that the agreement would be collaborative and inclusive, particularly on the locations of core biodiversity zones that should be protected. A collaborative and inclusive agreement is essential to reduce any potential conflict arising from a lack of involvement by any one stakeholder group, and to address any resistance to the proposed locations of the core zones where fishing restrictions would be placed for conservation purposes. With the agreement, field implementation of the zoning design can now begin.
5. Students Enjoy Environment Roadshow in 7 West Papua Villages
USAID SEA implementing partner Conservation International (CI)-Indonesia and the Marine and Fisheries Office (DKP) in Fakfak District, West Papua hosted this month a six-day environment roadshow targeting seven villages within West Papua’s Berau Bay Marine Protected Area (MPA). The roadshow engaged 116 primary students and 76 high school students in educational activities that introduced them to topics such as marine ecosystems, corals, and endangered and protected species, adapted to current local interests. For example, in Furir Village, sea turtles were of particular local interest because the villagers had just agreed to release 11 Hawksbill turtles, giving facilitators the opportunity to have a deeper discussion with the children about the importance of protecting sea turtles.
One notable outcome that was observed was that while the activities primarily targeted young people, they also influenced the parents, as related by one woman from Malakuli Village, who was forbidden by her daughter from throwing rubbish into the sea. Environmental education is one of the main strategies that CI-Indonesia uses to spread awareness of marine conservation in the Fakfak and Berau Bay MPA areas, and it is a strategy that CI will continue to use in the future toward achieving measurable, improved behavior outcomes.
6. Reef Fisheries Management Plan Refined for North Maluku
USAID SEA implementing partner Wildlife Conservation Society (WCS) facilitated on 22 October a meeting of the North Maluku Fisheries Management Working Group in Ternate. Aimed to discuss stakeholder inputs on a draft Reef Fisheries Management Plan (FMP) for North Maluku, the meeting was attended by 20 members of the working group, who reviewed the main contents of the FMP, including the status of reef fish stocks and the characteristics of the reef environment, and the issues, operational objectives and specific measures for managing reef fisheries in North Maluku. Corrections and suggestions were provided but, in general, the participants accepted the draft plan.
USAID SEA will work with Indonesia’s Marine Research Agency (BRPL) to further enhance the FMP to include indicators, reference points, harvest control rules, fishery performance monitoring strategy, and assessment procedures, which are targeted for completion by January 2020 and for presentation to stakeholders the following month. The Head of the Marine and Fisheries Office (DKP) in North Maluku has committed to improve reef fishery management in the province where management measures have been mostly absent, and said he would lay the groundwork for the local regulatory process needed for implementing the FMP.
7. Training Prepares North Maluku to Implement Marine Zones
USAID SEA, through its implementing partner Wildlife Conservation Society, conducted on 29–31 October a marine spatial planning (MSP) training for the North Maluku Fisheries Management Working Group focused on the use of spatial data to support the implementation of marine zones in the province. The main objective of MSP in North Maluku is to promote sustainable use of marine ecosystems while reducing conflicts and environmental impacts, and one strategy that has been identified to accomplish this objective is through the issuance of location permits in accordance with the provincial marine zoning plan. In line with this, the training aimed to strengthen the trainees’ knowledge and skills in applying, analyzing and verifying spatial data for the purpose of issuing permits as prescribed by North Maluku’s marine zoning regulation (Provincial Regulation 2/2018).
The trainees comprised 25 representatives from relevant local government and academic institutions, including the North Maluku Marine and Fisheries Office (DKP), Regional Planning Agency (BAPPEDA), Licensing Office (PTSP), Environment and Forestry Agency, Tourism Agency, Transportation Agency, Regional Secretariat Office Legal Bureau, Khairun University and Muhammadiyah Ternate University. With the training, these institutions are better able to provide the provincial government with technical recommendations on how to ensure that the issuance of coastal and marine permits is clear and free from any misconduct or fraud, and that all permits are consistent with the MSP objective to avoid or at least minimize coastal and marine use conflicts.
8. SEA Champions Convene in West Papua for Training, Sharing and Learning
Forty SEA Champions from Maluku, North Maluku and West Papua gathered for a SEA Champions training in the West Papua city of Sorong on 28- 31 October, among them 8 women champions (an increase from earlier events) that included a housewife, student, village secretary and members of a local women’s group. They were joined by 13 staff from six USAID SEA implementing partners, who delivered sessions on basic skills-based and action-oriented strategies to support the SEA Champions in their work, particularly as it relates to marine protected areas, community organizing, advocating for and motivating the Pokmaswas, and behavior change communication. A SEA Champion is a person who voluntarily helps implementing partners throughout the USAID SEA target field areas to create demand for behavior change geared toward improving marine resource protection and sustainable fisheries management. There are 484 people that are currently serving in this role and, since 2017, USAID SEA has organized a series of trainings to enhance their knowledge and skills, and to promote positive behavior.
This year, the champion trainings have focused on building technical capacity and understanding, using a theme of ‘’driving for action’’ to encourage participants to share and discuss needed behavior changes in their communities. During the West Papua training, simple games and simulations were used to enhance participant interaction and inject fruitful discussion into each session. The training included a Pokmaswas-dedicated session involving resource persons from government and local law enforcement offices.
It ended with a talent show to build the Champions’ confidence through dancing, poetry reading, singing and drama, skills that will be essential for influencing others through public events and trainings. Four long-time Champions from Fakfak, Bintuni, and South Sorong served as resource persons to their peers, and helped keep the training lively and productive to the end. With this training, about 170 champions (36% of the total) have participated in the USAID SEA champion capacity building program.