|The Minister of Marine Affairs and Fisheries of Indonesia signed in mid-October 2019 a new and comprehensive ministerial regulation on the implementation of the Port State Measures Agreement (PSMA) that the country ratified in 2016 through Presidential Decree No. 43/2016. The new regulation, which has been submitted for gazetting to the Ministry of Law and Human Rights, is seen as a big step forward as it goes further than the ratifying decree in terms of defining the mechanisms by which the Ministry of Marine Affairs and Fisheries (MMAF) and collaborating agencies can move ahead with implementing the PSMA.
Its development was made possible through the support of USAID SEA and the U.S. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration’s Office of Law Enforcement (NOAA OLE).
|Since 2016, USAID SEA and NOAA OLE have been working together to provide MMAF with a series of workshops on PSMA implementation, including PSM inspector trainings for fisheries surveillance officers.
These workshops, along with input from USAID SEA and NOAA OLE, resulted in policy recommendations that were used by MMAF’s Directorate General of Capture Fisheries, Directorate General of Marine and Fisheries Resources Surveillance (PSDKP), and Legal Bureau to develop the recently signed ministerial regulation, which will be announced through gazetting for public information. Meanwhile, in 2017, MMAF’s Training Center and PSDKP adopted NOAA’s PSM Inspector Training Modules, and have since adapted these modules to the national needs.
2. USAID SEA, NOAA Help Indonesia Gear Up for Port State Measures
3. USAID SEA Shares Lessons at Grantee Workshop
4. Zoning Design Agreed for North Maluku’s Sula Islands Marine Protected Area
5. Students Enjoy Environment Roadshow in 7 West Papua Villages
|USAID SEA implementing partner Conservation International (CI)-Indonesia and the Marine and Fisheries Office (DKP) in Fakfak District, West Papua hosted this month a six-day environment roadshow targeting seven villages within West Papua’s Berau Bay Marine Protected Area (MPA).
The roadshow engaged 116 primary students and 76 high school students in educational activities that introduced them to topics such as marine ecosystems, corals, and endangered and protected species, adapted to current local interests. For example, in Furir Village, sea turtles were of particular local interest because the villagers had just agreed to release 11 Hawksbill turtles, giving facilitators the opportunity to have a deeper discussion with the children about the importance of protecting sea turtles.
One notable outcome that was observed was that while the activities primarily targeted young people, they also influenced the parents, as related by one woman from Malakuli Village, who was forbidden by her daughter from throwing rubbish into the sea.
|Environmental education is one of the main strategies that CI-Indonesia uses to spread awareness of marine conservation in the Fakfak and Berau Bay MPA areas, and it is a strategy that CI will continue to use in the future toward achieving measurable, improved behavior outcomes.
6. Reef Fisheries Management Plan Refined for North Maluku
|USAID SEA implementing partner Wildlife Conservation Society (WCS) facilitated on 22 October a meeting of the North Maluku Fisheries Management Working Group in Ternate.
Aimed to discuss stakeholder inputs on a draft Reef Fisheries Management Plan (FMP) for North Maluku, the meeting was attended by 20 members of the working group, who reviewed the main contents of the FMP, including the status of reef fish stocks and the characteristics of the reef environment, and the issues, operational objectives and specific measures for managing reef fisheries in North Maluku. Corrections and suggestions were provided but, in general, the participants accepted the draft plan.
|USAID SEA will work with Indonesia’s Marine Research Agency (BRPL) to further enhance the FMP to include indicators, reference points, harvest control rules, fishery performance monitoring strategy, and assessment procedures, which are targeted for completion by January 2020 and for presentation to stakeholders the following month.
The Head of the Marine and Fisheries Office (DKP) in North Maluku has committed to improve reef fishery management in the province where management measures have been mostly absent, and said he would lay the groundwork for the local regulatory process needed for implementing the FMP.
7. Training Prepares North Maluku to Implement Marine Zones
8. SEA Champions Convene in West Papua for Training, Sharing and Learning
|Forty SEA Champions from Maluku, North Maluku and West Papua gathered for a SEA Champions training in the West Papua city of Sorong on 28- 31 October, among them 8 women champions (an increase from earlier events) that included a housewife, student, village secretary and members of a local women’s group. They were joined by 13 staff from six USAID SEA implementing partners, who delivered sessions on basic skills-based and action-oriented strategies to support the SEA Champions in their work, particularly as it relates to marine protected areas, community organizing, advocating for and motivating the Pokmaswas, and behavior change communication.
A SEA Champion is a person who voluntarily helps implementing partners throughout the USAID SEA target field areas to create demand for behavior change geared toward improving marine resource protection and sustainable fisheries management. There are 484 people that are currently serving in this role and, since 2017, USAID SEA has organized a series of trainings to enhance their knowledge and skills, and to promote positive behavior. This year, the champion trainings have focused on building technical capacity and understanding, using a theme of ‘’driving for action’’ to encourage participants to share and discuss needed behavior changes in their communities.
|During the West Papua training, simple games and simulations were used to enhance participant interaction and inject fruitful discussion into each session. The training included a Pokmaswas-dedicated session involving resource persons from government and local law enforcement offices.
It ended with a talent show to build the Champions’ confidence through dancing, poetry reading, singing and drama, skills that will be essential for influencing others through public events and trainings. Four long-time Champions from Fakfak, Bintuni, and South Sorong served as resource persons to their peers, and helped keep the training lively and productive to the end. With this training, about 170 champions (36% of the total) have participated in the USAID SEA champion capacity building program.