The USAID Sustainable Ecosystem Advanced (USAID SEA) Project supports the Government of Indonesia (GOI) to improve the governance of fisheries and marine resources, and to conserve biological diversity at local, district, provincial, and national levels in Fisheries Management Area (FMA)-715. WWF-Indonesia, as one of consortium partners of this project, engage in improvement of fisheries productivity, marine resources sustainability, and coastal community welfare through the promotion of integrated Marine Protected Area (MPA) and local behavior regarding sustainable resource use. Sawai Bay, located in Maluku Province, is identified as one of the potential areas for the MPA establishment.
Initial study on ecological, social and economic status, including fisheries of Sawai bay are needed to be conducted as part of the MPA establishment processes as mentioned on ministerial decree No.2/2009. Hence, in May 2017, WWF-Indonesia | USAID SEA Project conducted an initial study together with several stakeholder’s institutions, such as Marine Affairs and Fisheries Office or Dinas Kelautan dan Perikanan (DKP) Maluku Province, DKP Central Maluku District, Lembaga Ilmu Pengetahuan Indonesia (LIPI) – Ambon, Learning Centre (LC) Universitas Pattimura, and Indonesian Navy. The study was conducted along the coastal areas of Sawai Bay extending from Walakone to Wahai. In total, 25 sampling sites were surveyed for the ecological monitoring and 4 villages were surveyed for the fisheries and social surveys.