Building Capacity for Marine and Fisheries Management in Seram Island, Maluku, Indonesia, Forms Community Surveillance Group
The USAID SEA Project implementing partner, World Wildlife Fund (WWF) Indonesia, conducted an orientation workshop with Provincial Fisheries Department of Maluku Province and the Ministry of Marine Affaires and Fisheries Surveillance Technical Unit in Sawai Village (Seram Island) in January 2019 to improve community awareness on the management and surveillance of marine and fisheries resources.
The participants used the recently conducted resource use monitoring result in the community and analyzed the cause of their resources decline and made recommendations for management improvement. The provincial government encouraged the communities of five villages to develop a community surveillance group or “POKMASWAS”. The Fisheries Department committed to facilitating the development of POKMASWAS and its legalization process. Through this workshop the communities improved their awareness about the government regulations to protect Endangered, Threatened, and Protected (ETP) Species and penalties for violation. As a result, one community member who had caught two Green sea turtles, committed not to do this violation and released the turtles to the sea. Thus, the USAID SEA Project has assisted the communities to expand their awareness on the marine and fisheries resources and to voluntarily start to develop a community-based surveillance system.
SEANODE Geoportal Officially Launched and Accepted by National and Local Government as a primary Marine Spatial Planning (MSP) Support Tool in Indonesia
The Ministry of Marine Affairs and Fisheries (MMAF) in collaboration with USAID SEA Project officially launched and introduced SEANODE MSP Geoportal Online to provincial leaders as an innovative solution to promote the sustainability of marine uses and conservation areas through its zoning plan and regulation framework.
This system enables the provinces to share the marine thematic datasets for the development of their marine plans. The launch was held in conjunction with the MSP Coordination Meeting in Bogor 29-31 January 2019 that aimed to accelerate the development and implementation of the marine spatial plans. Thirty-four provincial governments were represented along with the National MSP Task Force that consists of MMAF, the Ministry of Home Affairs, Ministry of National Development Planning, Coordinating Ministry of Marine Affairs, Ministry of Environment and Forestry and Coordinating Ministry of Economic Affairs. The meeting tackled key issues and challenges in the delay of provincial MSP implementation. It was a fruitful meeting due to the positive acceptance and adoption of SEANODE MSP Geoportal Online by national and local governments as a strategic tool to support improved sustainable marine management and the acceleration of marine spatial plan implementation in Indonesia.
Socialization of Marine Spatial Plan (MSP) in Maluku Province, Indonesia guides local stakeholders on access to marine and coastal uses
The Maluku Provincial government in collaboration with the USAID SEA Project has been facilitating the socialization of the Provincial Marine Spatial Plan (RZWP-3-K) to the local stakeholders from each cluster of islands in the Province. The socialization process promotes a clear vision to guide the implementation of marine and coastal spatial uses through its zoning plan mechanism, which can be reviewed after five years, and includes local marine tenure areas, traditional fishing areas, sustainable eco-tourism zones, and marine conservation areas. The island clusters visited for the community engagement through participative socialization were: Banda Islands, Ambon and Lease Islands, Masohi and Wahai Islands. The socialization process was supported by the cutting-edge technology of SEANODE Geoportal Online database to access the zoning maps through a computerized system and database of marine planning developed in 2018 by the USAID SEA Project and the Ministry of Marine Affaires and Fisheries. Throughout 2019, the socialization process will be completed to eight more island clusters. This process plays a key role to ensure the sustainable management and protection of marine and coastal areas through the delineation of traditional use areas and marine protected areas that protect marine biodiversity from inappropriate marine uses.
Three new MPAs legally reserved by Governor’s Decree in North Maluku, adding more than 225,000 hectares of MPA to the provincial totals in Indonesia
The Governor of North Maluku signed decrees to reserve three new Marine Protected Areas (MPAs) on 10 January 2019. Lead by the Wildlife Conservation Society (WCS) as USAID SEA Project implementing partner in North Maluku, 226,166.09 hectares of new MPA area are now initiated for protection, as well as being designated in the Provincial marine spatial plan.
These reserved MPAs cover Sula islands MPA (117,959.88 ha), Pulau Rao-Tanjung Dahegila MPA (65,520.75 ha), and Makian islands MPA (42,799 ha). They will ensure the conservation of vital marine habitats (turtles, mangroves, dolphins, corals), fisheries conservation, protect spawning aggregations, also promote opportunities for sustainable tourism that contributes to enhancing livelihoods of coastal communities. Pulau Rao-Tanjung Dahegila, for example, is defined as a multiple-use Aquatic Tourism Park having two resident pods of dolphins, beach recreation areas, small tourism island, high-value nesting sites, key fisheries conservation sites, and high-quality diving and reef sites. The next steps for these MPAs to become operational under the Province of North Maluku is to strengthen the network design and review the MPAs zoning plan so that technical guidelines and expert advice from the USAID SEA Project are fully incorporated. This MPA initiation has passed several key processes such as socialization, public consultation as well as budgeting, and the areas covered represent more than 20% of the USAID SEA Project 5-year target for new MPAs established.
National MPA Network Technical Guidance Nearly Completed for Indonesia
USAID SEA is supporting the Directorate of Marine Conservation and Biodiversity, Ministry of Marine Affairs and Fisheries (MMAF) to finalize the national MPA Network Technical Guidance. Through this guidance, USAID SEA Project proposed strategic recommendations to establish, manage, monitor and evaluate MPA Networks to ensure they can be one of the best alternatives for MMAF and provincial governments to ensure the functionality of the MPA system to protect marine biodiversity. MPA Networks can be promoted for single MPA zoning or multiple MPA planning in achieving more effective and efficient conservation targets. Several significant recommendations in the document are: 1) The MPA network ecological design criteria needs to be strengthened and clearly understood during the initiation stage establishment; 2) Clear understanding of the minimum requirement for the objectives or outputs in the MPA network establishment; 3) Guidance for MPA network management; 4) Monitoring and evaluation mechanism of MPA Network including operational management evaluation. This policy document will be introduced and consulted by MMAF with stakeholders in February 2018 with an aim to finalize the technical guidance and have it endorsed by decree of Director General of Marine Spatial Management by end of March 2019.
Marine Protected Area Network Designs Initiated for North Maluku & Maluku Provinces, Indonesia
USAID SEA Project in collaboration with SEA implementing partner, The Nature Conservancy (TNC), conducted an MPA Zoning and Network Design Workshop to introduce the MPA Network concept and how to design it in Ternate, North Maluku and Ambon, Maluku, at the end of January and early February. Targeting participants from the marine fisheries offices of the two provinces, district governments, NGO partners and university experts, the two workshops were well attended by those interested to learn about the national design criteria that can be used for designing a single MPA or MPA network.
For the six priority MPAs to be established and developed in North Maluku, participants reviewed their MPA zonation design based on the technical guidelines developed with the support of TNC and Directorate of Conservation and Marine Biodiversity of the Ministry of Marine Affairs and Fisheries. They analyzed the gaps or new areas considered for further protection (known as area of interest/AOI), in which the government could define necessary immediate actions such as conducting a site survey, research or gather more information from local stakeholders. The workshop also did an expert mapping exercise to locate additional conservation targets outside the existing and proposed MPAs which were plotted on the habitat maps for later consideration. These new AOIs in North Maluku can be used for expanding an MPA or establishing a new MPA to join the MPA network and contribute to the designation of MPA network in Fisheries Management Area 715.
Hand Over of Small Scale Fishing Boat Registration Certificates to Fishers as Incentive to Comply with Fishing Regulations in Maluku, Indonesia
USAID SEA Project supports the Indonesian government in Fishery Management Area 715 to encourage local small-scale fishing vessel owners to comply with regulations. An initial requirement to ensure compliance is for fishers to register their boats and thus receive a verified boat registration certificate or Pas Kecil.
As part of building local government capacity and awareness of their responsibility to facilitate Pas Kecil issuance to fishers, the USAID SEA Project campaigned for the benefit of vessel registration compliance for relevant stakeholders. At the end of January 2019, the Maluku Provincial Fisheries Office (DKP) together with USAID SEA Project handed over 177 Pas Kecil documents and certificates to beneficiary fishermen in Haria and Nolloth Villages on the island of Saparua. The fishermen expressed their gratitude to USAID SEA Project, DKP of Maluku and the Port Authority which assisted them to receive their certificates. The presence of relevant institutions including the Head of Island Cluster VII (DKP Maluku Province), Sub-District leaders and village leaders gave weight to the process and reinforced each other through supporting statements for implementing vessel registration to build the welfare of fishermen. They convinced local fishing communities to use these certificates to upgrade their fishing businesses and invited other fishermen to register their vessels to comply with the regulations.