In the Fishery Law No. 31 2004 stated that the “Fishery management is all efforts, including integrated process in collecting information, analysis, planning, consultation, decision making, allocation of fisheries resources, implementation and enforcement of laws and regulation of fisheries, carried-out by the government or other authority geared towards achieving the sustainable productivity of the living resources (of the waters) for agreed proposes”.
PERMEN.18/MEN/2014 states that Indonesia has eleven (11) Fisheries Management Areas (FMA / Wilayah Pengelolaan Perikanan Indonesia).The Indonesian government has developed and issued Fisheries Management Plan (FMP/Rencana Pengelolaan Perikanan-RPP) for 715 FMA, as appeared in Marine Affairs and Fisheries Minister’s Decree No. 82/KEPMEN-KP/2016. Demersal small- and big-pelagic fisheries are priorities in 715 FMA. Most of the fisheries within 715 FMA are classified as fully-exploited and prawn and big-eye tuna are classified as over– exploited. To reduce this threat of overfishing, there is a strong need of policy to manage the fishery resources. For this purpose, stock assessment for harvest strategy is required.
USAID Sustainable Ecosystem Advanced (SEA) Project provides support to strengthen the Indonesian fisheries management including harvest strategy development for targeted species (red-snapper; grouper, and small-pelagic). The Project conducted various activities in the first year of the USAID SEA Project implementation (2016/2017), including data collection management workshops and trainings.
During the 2018, several milestones activities have been conducted including one-year fish landing data collection and stock assessment analysis using fishery statistic data with non-equilibrium BDM. The findings of the stock assessments for demersal and small-pelagic were presented and endorsed by KOMNAS KAJISKAN. Also, USAID SEA Project has been working and providing capacity developing for MMAF leading fisheries researchers-PUSRISKAN- that who will lead the scientific committee of the harvest strategy development
Moving forward, in 2019 FY, USAID SEA Project aims to initiate the development of harvest strategies for target commodities; demersal, small-pelagic, in 715. This initiative will be implemented in close collaboration with the Directorate of Fish Resource Management (Direktorat Pengelolaan Sumber Daya Ikan – Dit PSDI) and Research Center for Fisheries (PURISKAN)/ Research Institute for Marine Fisheries (Balai Riset Perikanan Laut – BRPL) to ensure scientific-based harvest strategies. To start the coordination and initiation on harvest strategy development, USAID SEA Project and Dit PSDI held a workshop to share progress and identify collaborative actions towards harvest strategy development.