The Government of Indonesia has committed to the conservation and ecosystem-based management of 20 million hectares of Indonesian provincial waters (from the coastline to 12 nautical miles out) through the establishment, development and effective management of Marine Protected Areas (MPAs). MPAs cannot solve problems as isolated sites, but require a network of sites that connect life cycles and migrations of ecological systems that support individual sites. Therefore, Indonesia also aims to develop provincial MPA Networks and MPA Networks that support the Fisheries Management Areas (FMAs).
By 2021, USAID SEA plans to support more than 1 million hectares of new marine protected areas under effective management, policies that support marine conservation and a reduction in the destructive practices and pressures on the marine ecosystem. The activities of USAID SEA that fall under the MPA technical approach include:
- Assessing the present status of MPA design and management
- Building the capacity for adaptive management among MPA managers and other stakeholders
- Advocating the importance of EAFM/MPA management to government and private sectors by improving their understanding on the true costs and benefits of EAFM/MPA management. This is expected to secure support towards sustainable financing for fishery management areas and MPAs.
USAID SEA will work initially in 13 districts within the three target provinces and is proposing to work on 11 existing MPAs and 5-8 new MPAs in 2016-2018.